Paleoproterozoic (1.96-1.86 Ga) granites in Xinyang record zoned deep crustal structure and multi-stage reworking beneath the southern North China Craton


Ai, L (Ai, Lei)   Ping, XQ (Ping, Xianquan)   Zheng, JP (Zheng, Jianping)   Su, YP (Su, Yuping)   Ma, Q (Ma, Qiang)   Wang, XL (Wang, Xiangli)  

(由 Clarivate 提供)








APR 2021




As one of the oldest cratons on Earth, the North China Craton (NCC) is a frequent area for geological research due to its complex crustal evolution. Regarding the Paleoproterozoic crustal evolution of the craton, most studies have focused on continental amalgamation (i.e. horizontal crustal evolution), but few on the vertical crustal evolution. Here we report whole-rock geochemistry, zircon U-Pb geochronology and Lu-Hf isotope geochemistry for the Xinyang granites to constraint the vertical crustal structure and evolution of the southern NCC. The studied granites comprise two-mica K-feldspar granite and garnet-bearing K-feldspar granite. All the rocks have high SiO2 and total alkali, but low CaO, MgO and Fe2O3T contents. Their A/CNK values (1.05-1.28) suggest that they are peraluminous rocks. These granites are enriched in LILE (Rb, Th and K), depleted in Sr, P and HFSE (Nb and Ti). The two-mica K-feldspar granites show obviously fractionated REE patterns ((La/Yb)(N) = 18.3-387) with negative or positive Eu anomalies (delta Eu = 0.47-1.03, 4.85-6.72), while the garnet-bearing K-feldspar granites have flat REE patterns ((La/Yb)(N) = 1.69-4.89) with extraordinary negative Eu anomalies (delta Eu = 0.22-0.42). The magmatic zircons of the two-mica K-feldspar granites yield crystallization ages ranging from similar to 1.86 Ga to similar to 1.90 Ga, and those of the garnet-bearing K-feldspar granites give crystallization ages of similar to 1.90 Ga. Previous work also reported a biotite K-feldspar granite pluton formed at similar to 1.96 Ga in the Xinyang area. Taken together, three major episodes of Paleoproterozoic granitoid events (similar to 1.86 Ga, similar to 1.90 Ga and similar to 1.96 Ga) are recognized in the area. Combined with regional geochronological investigations, the peraluminous granitic magmatic activities occurring during 1.96-1.86 Ga in the Xinyang area could be linked to the collision between the Eastern and Western Blocks of the NCC. Alternatively, zircon Hf isotopic compositions suggest that these rocks derived from partial melting of pre-existing crust with heterogeneous compositions. Zircons from the similar to 1.86 Ga two-mica Kfeldspar granites yield epsilon(Hf(t)) values of 5.2-1.7 with T-crust of 2.40-2.86 Ga, compared to zircons from the similar to 1.90 Ga two-mica K-feldspar granites which yield wide range of eHf(t) values of 13.5-1.0 with Tcrust of 2.50-3.42 Ga. In contrast, the similar to 1.90 Ga garnet-bearing K-feldspar granites have homogeneous negative zircon epsilon(Hf(t)) values ranging from 11.8 to 10.4, with Tcrust ranging from 3.23 to 3.30 Ga. Moreover, zircons from the biotite K-feldspar granites have epsilon(Hf(t)) values of 0.6-2.6, corresponding to T-crust of 2.44-2.77 Ga. Based on above-mentioned geochemical signals, we propose that the Paleoproterozoic crust in the southern NCC likely consisted of two parts in vertical, the upper Middle-Late Archean crust and the lower early Paleoproterozoic crust with Eo-Paleoarchean crustal remnants. During the Paleoproterozoic, the southern NCC experienced multi-stage crustal reworking, indicating that a stable continental crust likely had been formed by the end of Archean.





Ping, Xianquan    


China Univ Geosci, Sch Earth Sci, Wuhan 430074, Peoples R China