Kusky, Timothy M.等,PRECAMBRIAN RESEARCH,2021


Neoproterozoic tectonics of the Jiangnan orogen: The magmatic record of continental growth by arc and slab-failure magmatism from 1000 to 780 Ma


Wan, L (Wan Le)   Kusky, TM (Kusky, Timothy M.)   Jin, W (Jin Wei)   Yang, J (Yang Jie)   Zeng, ZX (Zeng Zuoxun)  







AUG 15 2021




The Neoproterozoic NE-striking Jiangnan orogen in the South China Block (SCB) separates the Cathaysia microcontinent on the southeast from the Yangtze craton in the northwest. The origin and evolution of the Jiangnan orogen is unresolved, with individual models explaining part of the history, such as various magmatic, deformational, metamorphic, and sedimentary events including extensional, contractional, and transpressional modes. Here, we present detailed geochronological and Nd-Hf isotopic data for Neoproterozoic mafic and felsic intrusions in the Jiangnan orogen and identify three episodes of Neoproterozoic magmatism. The first stage ranging from similar to 1013-942 Ma is preserved predominantly in the eastern segment of the orogen, including a series of mafic rocks with ages of similar to 1010-952 Ma, contrasting with weak magmatic activity in the western segment with a peak at similar to 997 Ma. The second stage ranges from similar to 906 Ma to similar to 820 Ma, with intensive and extensive bimodal magmatism occurring in the eastern and western parts. The last stage mainly occurred in the western Jiangnan orogen in the period from similar to 800 to 780 Ma, associated with drastic mafic magmatism and weakly bimodal volcanic activities. The bimodal volcanism in the eastern segment exhibits a striking weak trend after similar to 823 Ma, distinctly different from the western segment where the magmatism lasted until similar to 785 Ma, indicating its syn- to post-collisional in nature. The pre-800 Ma magmatic rocks in western Jiangnan orogen have a dominant negative Nd isotopic signature but exhibit a significant positive trend after 800 Ma, different from those in east, which have a decreasing trend. Both parts display a roughly decoupled Nd-Hf isotopic character presented by a dominant positive pattern in Hf isotopes of the Neoproterozoic intrusive rocks, indicating a significant addition of previous slab-derived components or accretionary wedges in the pre-800 Ma magma evolution, and more depleted materials involved in the source in the later stages. Oceanic subduction under the northwestern Cathaysia Block occurred around similar to 1.0 Ga, slightly earlier than the subduction to the southeastern Yangtze. A gradual tectonic transition from post-orogenic extension to intracontinental rifting dominated the tectonics in Jiangnan orogen in the middle-late Neoproterozoic, followed by slab failure after similar to 790 Ma. Arc magmatism was the dominant source of crustal growth before 820 Ma in the SCB, but was exceeded in volume by later slab failure magmatism after similar to 790 Ma.





Kusky, Timothy M.    


China Univ Geosci, Sch Earth Sci, Wuhan 430074, Peoples R China